absolve

I
(New American Roget's College Thesaurus)
v. t. forgive, cleanse, shrive, pardon, discharge. See forgiveness, acquittal, exemption.Ant., accuse, blame.
II
(Roget's IV) v.
Syn. acquit, exonerate, vindicate, clear, forgive, pardon, excuse, exculpate, remit, grant absolution, shrive, release, exempt, set free, let off; see also excuse .
Syn.- absolve implies a setting free from responsibilities or obligation [absolved from her promise ] or from the penalties for their violation; acquit means to clear of a specific charge by a judicial decision, usually for lack of evidence; to exonerate is to relieve of all blame for a wrongdoing; to pardon is to release from punishment for an offense [ the prisoner was pardoned by the governor ] ; forgive implies giving up all claim that an offense be punished as well as any resentment or vengeful feelings; to vindicate is to clear (a person or thing under attack) through evidence of the unfairness of the charge, criticism, etc.
III
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) (VOCABULARY WORD) v.
[ab ZOLV]
to free from blame, guilt or responsibility.
They have been absolved of their sins.
SYN.: acquit, exonerate, forgive, pardon, vindicate, remit, free, clear, exculpate, excuse.
ANT.: charge, accuse, blame, condemn
IV
(Roget's Thesaurus II) verb 1. To free from a charge or imputation of guilt: clear, exculpate, exonerate, vindicate. Law: acquit, purge. See LAW. 2. To free from an obligation or duty: discharge, dispense, excuse, exempt, let off, relieve, spare. See FREE.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • Absolve — Ab*solve (#; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Absolved}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Absolving}.] [L. absolvere to set free, to absolve; ab + solvere to loose. See {Assoil}, {Solve}.] 1. To set free, or release, as from some obligation, debt, or responsibility,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • absolve — ab·solve /əb zälv, sälv/ vt ab·solved, ab·solv·ing 1: to set free or release from some obligation or responsibility a judgment terminating a parent s rights...absolve s that parent of all future support obligations In re Bruce R., 662 A.2d 107… …   Law dictionary

  • absolve — 1. Pronunciation is now normally with z , not s . 2. The usual construction is with a direct object, or in the passive, followed by of or from: • It absolved him of all responsibility L. A. G. Strong, 1948 • Absolve me from all spot of sin James… …   Modern English usage

  • absolve — [ab zälv′, absälv′, abzôlv′, absôlv′; əbzälv′, əb sälv, əbzôlv′, əbsôlv′] vt. absolved, absolving [ME absolven < L absolvere, to loosen from < ab , from + solvere: see SOLVE] 1. to pronounce free from guilt or blame; acquit 2. a) to give… …   English World dictionary

  • absolve — (v.) early 15c., from L. absolvere set free, loosen, acquit, from ab from (see AB (Cf. ab )) + solvere loosen (see SOLVE (Cf. solve)). Related: Absolved; absolving …   Etymology dictionary

  • absolve — exonerate, acquit, *exculpate, vindicate Analogous words: pardon, forgive, remit (see EXCUSE): release, *free, discharge Antonyms: hold (to a promise, an obligation): charge (with a sin, the blame, the responsibility) Contrasted words: blame (see …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • absolve — [v] free from responsibility, duty acquit, bleach, blink at, clear, discharge, exculpate, excuse, exempt, exonerate, forgive, free, go easy on, launder*, let off*, let off easy*, let off the hook*, let up on*, liberate, lifeboat*, loose, pardon,… …   New thesaurus

  • absolve — ► VERB 1) declare (someone) free from guilt or responsibility. 2) give absolution for (a sin). ORIGIN Latin absolvere set free, acquit …   English terms dictionary

  • absolve — verb 1) this fact does not absolve you from responsibility Syn: exonerate, discharge, acquit, vindicate; release, relieve, liberate, free, deliver, clear, exempt, let off; formal exculpate Ant: blame …   Thesaurus of popular words

  • absolve — UK [əbˈzɒlv] / US [əbˈzɑlv] verb [transitive] Word forms absolve : present tense I/you/we/they absolve he/she/it absolves present participle absolving past tense absolved past participle absolved 1) formal to state officially that someone is free …   English dictionary

  • absolve — absolvable, adj. absolvent, adj., n. absolver, n. /ab zolv , solv /, v.t., absolved, absolving. 1. to free from guilt or blame or their consequences: The court absolved her of guilt in his death. 2. to set free or release, as from some duty,… …   Universalium

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